There were actually several winners for the first Nobel Prize. There are several different catergories for Nobel Prizes. The first winner for the Chemistry prize was Jacobus H. van’t Hoff. The first winner of the Literature Prize was Sully Prudhomme. The first winner of the Medicine Prize was Emil von Behring. There were two winners for the first Peace Prize. They were Henry Dunant and Frederic Passy. The first winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics was Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen.