What is the Indian Removal Act?

The Indian Removal act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson in May 1830. This treaty gave the president (as opposed to the Senate) the power to negotiate removal treaties with Native American tribes. In these removal treaties, tribes would trade the lands they possessed east of the Mississippi for lands west of the Mississippi. Those tribes wishing to remain east of the Mississippi would become citizens of that state. Unfortunately, in practice, new settlers tended to force those tribes out of those areas. For more information see here: