What is the Electoral Process?

The electoral process is one in which citizens select men and women they want to run their government. In a democracy, people are selected to run for a certain period of time, which is called a term of office. In the United States, our system is called a representative democracy. We do not make governmental decisions directly. We elect officials to govern for us. We vote for mayor, Senator, etc. directly but when we vote for president we are actually voting for an elector who has pledged to represent that candidate. Electors are chosen by each state and are called the electoral college. These are the people who officially elect the president and vice president. Each state has the same number of votes in it’s electoral college as it has senators and members of the house of representatives. So, not all states have the same numbers of electors.