What is the Dred Scott Decision?

Dred Scott was a slave in the United States of America during the Civil War. He attempted to sue his slave owner in the state of Missouri for his freedom. He initially lost his case. The initial outcome of the case was decided by the Supreme Court in a decision of two to seven against Scott. The ruling was that because Scott came from Africa, he was technically not an American citizen and thus could not fight for his freedom nor be freed.