What is the Bessemer Process?

The Bessemer Process is a cheap method of making steel. Compressed air is blown into a large furnace containing iron. The air burns out all the carbon from the iron and the hot furnace turns the other impurities into slag. The remaining ‘pure’ iron is extracted from the furnace by tipping it over. The Bessemer Process was invented by Henry Bessemer of England in 1856. For more information see here: