Queen Elizabeth I’s last name was Tudor. She was daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. She was born on Sunday September 7th, 1533. She died on March 24, 1603. She reigned for 45 years ( 17th Noveber 1558- 24th March 1603) Queen Elizabeth II, England’s current monarch’s last name is Windsor, though the original family name was Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. The Royal Family chose to change this German surname to Windsor in 1917 because of intense anti-German sentiment in England during World War I. At birth, Queen Elizabeth II (born April 21, 1926) was given the names Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, and she is of the royal House of Windsor.