The first thing you need to know is what a grant is. A grant is gifted money that is given to an organization. In order to get a grant, you will need to complete an application explaining why you deserve the money. This is what grant writing is, completing long applications and explaining why your organization should receive money. Grants are primarily for non profit organizations, educational institutions, medical research and some government agencies. It is rare for grants to be given to individuals for personal use.