Academic probation is a way for schools to monitor the academic progress of poorly-performing students before kicking those students out of school. For example, a college freshman is having trouble adjusting to the college workload, and earns a 1.0 GPA (D average) the first semester of college. His college puts him on academic probation, not letting him take above 12 credit hours, and requiring him to meet with his adviser every two weeks. If his grades improve, he is out of academic probation. If his grades stay the same or worsen, he gets kicked out of school.