What is a Villanelle?

The villanelle is a poetry form that became popular in the 1800’s. The villanelle poem will have a totol of 19 lines consisting of 5 stanzas of 3 lines each and 1 stanza of 4 lines. The 1st and the 3rd lines in the very first stanza are the alternating last lines of stanzas 2, 3, 4 and the last line of the 5th stanza is a couplet.