What happens in a courtroom depends on the purpose for being in the courtroom. In general, the courtroom is where legal business is conducted with the court, or judge. Any sort of legal hearing, including Case Management Conferences, Settlement Conferences, Motion Hearings, and Trials take place in a courtroom. Typically, the attorneys in the case and the parties to the case, if present, sit at the tables in front of the gallery where spectators can sit, if the public is given access. They face the judge. The bailiff announces the judge upon his entrance to the bench, the judge then identifies the case being addressed and asks the attorneys questions. The attorneys usually present their positions and the judge either announces his decision at that point or reserves judgment for later.