Types of Special Needs Students?

In order to qualify for special education in the US a student must fall into one of the following categories as determined by a variety of assessments, physican input and parent input. The categories are: other health impaired (which covers medical conditions, attention deficit disorder, etc.), intellectual/cognitive impairment (otherwise known a mental retardation), emotional disturbance, autism, specific learning disability in math or reading, visual impairment, hearing impairment, developmental delay (only used for kids 9 years old or under), multiple disabilities, orthopedic impairment, speech/language impairment, traumatic brain injury, deaf/blind.