How Many Types of Plants are There?

Plants are one of two major Kingdoms of life forms. There are about 300,000 plant species on Earth. Plants are only life forms that can produce their own food using energy, from sunlight. Plants produce their own food using energy from sunlight. Plants produce almost all of the oxygen in the airs that humans and other animals breathe. Plants are also an important ressource of food, building materials and other resources that make life possible for Earth’s animals. New species are always being discovered everday, most of them fit into four groups: -Mosses and Liverworts-Ferns-Cone Plants-Flowering Plants. It is impossible to think about an environment without plants. Even environments like the hot desert or freezing polar regions have plants. These plants have adaptations that help them survive the harsh conditions. Plants create the base for most environments. All of the different types of plants in an environment are commonly referred to by scientists as ‘plant communities.’Over the past few decades, people have begun to think more about the important relationship plants have to people, animals, and the overall health of the environment. Here are a few of the important ways plants help the environment.-Trees and other plants hold the soil in place so that wind and rain don’t create severe erosion.-Fallen leaves and rotting wood help enrich the soil other plants need to grow.-Shade from trees and large bushes keeps us cool. Shade also provides places for wildlife to live and hide.-Trees create homes. A large old tree 40 m tall may be the home of over 1,000 species!