The pope is elected via cardinals in Rome. The cardinals will meet fifteen to twenty days after the old pope has passed away in a secondary and secure area that is similar to the Vatican. The popes will vote on the new pope, which may be anyone that they choose as long as the person is male and is baptized by the Catholic church. Once they have decided, this person must pass a two thirds vote rule. Once the two thirds vote rule is completed by the cardinals, they meet in the Sistine chapel and are locked in there for further voting -ritual procedures. This procedure involves burning ballots that our doused with special chemicals. If the ballot smoke turns black upon its voting then no pope has been elected. If the ballot smoke turns white, then this indicates that a new pope has been elected.